09 Nov 2011
The request is doing WHAT?
Don't use the
with_deleted method added by rails3actsas_paranoid. Seriously. Don't.
A little over a week ago, Plex launched the site I've been working on, myPlex. At the same time, we launched updated Mac, iOS, and Android apps as well as new Windows and GoogleTV apps. It's pretty damn cool, if I do say so myself, and a lot of people signed up and started using it.
I noticed a problem, though -- one of the most common requests to the app was using tons of CPU and DB time. In order to keep up with demand, we had to keep adding additional hardware. It was very strange how disproportionately bad the slow action was, though. According to NewRelic, the average response time for other requests was 400ms, and this slow request was averaging 9,600ms. Totally crazy, right?
rails, how does it work
After employing some benchmarking, NewRelic in development mode, and a profiler, I eventually found several ways performance could be improved. The real killer, though, was a specific type of query:
SELECT * FROM table_name. Every row in an entire table was getting queried, more than once per request! "How is this possible", I thought. "Doesn't Rails have a query cache?"
the thrilling conclusion
Well, as it turns out, the query cache can be overridden by the
#reload method. And when I checked the scary query backtraces, I ran into a method provided by the rails3actsas_paranoid gem:
def with_deleted self.unscoped.reload end
So every time that I tried to include items that were marked deleted in a query using scopes,
with_deleted would fire off a full-table select before running my query! ZOMG.
Happily, between that fix and several other tweaks and indexes, I was able to speed up the slow request! How much, you ask? Well, the average response time on that slow API action went from 12,792ms to 1,137ms. Oh, and I was able to cut the amount of hardware serving the site by 90%. That's always nice.